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Andaman General Info Home Andaman General Info

Since pre-historic times, these islands have been the home of aboriginal tribes. But the first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, the year after the First War of Indian Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen

Location

Bay of Bengal

Longitude

920 to 940 East

Latitude

60 to 140 North

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Andaman Islands

Saddle Peak (North Andaman Island)

732 Metres

Nicobar Islands

Mount Thullier (Great Nicobar Island)

642 Metres

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Total Area

Sq.km

8249

Andaman District

"

6408

Nicobar District

"

1841

URBAN AREA

"

 16.64

RURAL AREA

"

8232.36

 
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Length and Breadth of Andaman Islands

Total Length

467kms

Maximum Width

52 Kms

Average Width

24kms

Length and Breadth of Nicobar Islands

Total Length

259 Kms

Maxiimum Width

58 Kms

Biggest Island in Andaman Group

Middle Andaman Island

1536 Sq.Km

Biggest Island in Nicobar Group

Great Nicobar Island

1045 Sq.Km.

Smallest Island in Andaman Group

Ross Island

0.8 Sq Km.

Smallest Island in Nicobar Group

Pilomillow Island

1.3 Sq.Km


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Distance by Sea (In Kms.)

Between Port Blair & Chennai

1190

Between Port Blair & Calcutta

1255

Between Port Blair & Vishakapatnam

1200

Distance by Air Kms.

Between Calcutta & Port Blair

1303

Between Chennai & Port Blair

1330

 
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Normal Rainfall at Port Blair

3180 mm

Actual Rainfall at Port Blair during 1999

2975.0 mm

Rainy days at Port Blair during 1999

209

Mean Minimum Temperature at Port Blair during 1999

22.80 Celcius

Mean Maximum Temperature at Port Blair during 1999

29.80 Celcius

Mean Relative Humidity at Port Blair During 1999

81%

 
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TOTAL POPULATION

1971

1981

1991

2001

115133

188741

280661

356265

Male

70027

107261

154369

192985

Female

45106

81480

126292

163280

RURAL POPULATION

88915

139107

205706

 

  Male

53195

78401

111986

 

  Female

35720

60706

93720

 

URBAN POPULATION

26218

49634

74955

 

  Male

16832

28860

42383

 

  Female

9386

20774

32572

 

 
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RELIGION-WISE POPULATION

Religion

1971

1981

1991

Hindu

70134

121793

189521

Christian

30342

48274

67211

Muslim

11655

16188

21354

Sikh

865

991

1350

Buddhist

103

127

322

Jain

14

11

17

Others

2020

1357

886

 
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(As per Census of India - 1st March 2001)

 

Male

Female

Total

A & N Islands

1,46,536

1,06,409

2,52,945